How to construct a Tree Planter

Trees require a rather substantial planting place so their roots can enlarge, although the spread and depth of roots varies among tree species. You may prefer to develop trees in containers if you’ve got a small yard or poor soil, but you must ensure that the planter is large enough to accommodate the tree at maturity. For best results, choose dwarf cultivars, which typically grow far more slowly and smaller than conventional species. You can construct your own tree planter using naturally rot-resistant timber, such as cedar or redwood. The finished planter measures approximately 36 inches tall by 33 inches wide.

Lay six 36-inch lengths of 2-by-6-inch redwood or cedar timber side by side vertically on a flat surface, pushing them as close together as you can.

Measure the entire width of the planks, which should be approximately 33 inches given the actual measurements of a 2-by-6-inch board. Cut two pieces of 2-by-6-inch lumber for this span, cutting with a 45-degree angled miter cut on each end so the surfaces of the planter piece with the sides of a photo frame. To achieve this, the base of this angle cut has to be the exact same length as the board measurement, with the top side of the plank approximately 2 inches longer.

Line up the mitered 2-by-6-inch planks using the top edge and bottom edge of this six 2-by-6-inch planks and screw into place with 3-inch wood screws, using two screws for each of these six planks. This completes one facet of the planter; you must create three more sides to complete the box form.

Stand up the four planter sides, then lining up the mitered ends of the flat boards. Drive 3-inch wood screws at an angle through every corner to assemble the sides.

Cut four 36-inch lengths from 2-by-4-inch lumber and screw them to the inside of each corner to add firmness to the planter.

Cut a square piece of three-quarter-inch plywood to fit over the base of the box, then using a circular saw. The square should be roughly 33-inches by 33-inches, but you should measure the measurements for accuracy before cutting the plywood.

Screw the plywood to the base of the planter box sides using 3-inch wood screws spaced 4 inches apart.

Drill several one-half-inch diameter drainage holes, spaced 6 inches apart, in the base of the planter box.

Line the tree planter box with black plastic sheeting to increase the rot-resistance of this timber. Poke holes through the plastic to line up with the holes through the plywood planter bottom.

Lay a piece of wire mesh hardware cloth over the dark plastic to prevent gravel and soil from falling through the drainage holes.

Spread a 2-inch layer of gravel or broken pottery pieces above the base of the tree planter.

Fill the tree planter using a potting mixture of equal parts sphagnum peat, compost and perlite or sand, leaving a few inches to the container border.

Plant the tree at the planter box to the same depth it had been implanted in the first container. Spread 2 to 3 inches of organic mulch on the surface of the potting mixture to help insulate the soil and retain moisture.

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Landscaping Garden Ideas for Where Most Leaves Fall

Autumn weather can be unpredictable, however, one thing is guaranteed: the leaves of your deciduous trees will fall. Raking up fallen leaves keeps your yard tidy, prevents dead areas of grass and reduces places where unwelcome garden insects can nest. Bad landscaping choices beneath deciduous trees can mean extra work to clear the leaves and manage the danger of damaging the landscaping together with every pull of the rake’s tines.


The plants you remain under your trees should have the ability to withstand raking. This means deep or broad roots and tough leaves. Shallow-rooted plants can easily be pulled by a rake and delicate leaves can be torn, that will open the way for ailments to become in the plant. Once-established, ferns, like sword ferns (Polysitchum munitum), and evergreen shrubs, like winter daphne (Daphne odora) or Oregon grape (Mahonia sp.) , can be raked around and over without damage. Other good choices are perennials that die back before the leaves begin to fall, like coneflowers (Echinacea sp.) or black-eyed Susans (Rudbeckia hirta). Avoid selecting plants that bloom in the autumn, like chrysanthemums, since the raking will ruin the flowers.


If planting deep-rooted plants beneath your tree is not possible because of the tree’s compact root system, then you are still able to add interest to the region by placing in rocks. A couple of medium-sized boulders situated with a few smaller rocks produces a natural-looking landscape under the tree. Since the rocks are heavy, they won’t be affected by raking them around them. Avoid creating a wall of rocks around your tree however. This can produce more work for yourself as you try to get behind the rocks to clean up the leaves. Instead, place a couple of classes of stones with enough room between the classes to pull a rake through. Do not pay for the entire area under the tree with river rock; in the summer the rocks retain heat and can overheat the tree’s roots.


Lighting adds safety and interest to the garden, but can be a headache when leaves fall. Any lighting beneath deciduous trees must be wireless, like solar lights, or so the wires have to be completely underground. Exposed wires are sure to get tangled in rake tines. At the very least, this will definitely break the wire, but might cause electric shock. You also need to select lights that don’t generate heat, like LED lighting, since dry leaves can catch fire if they pile onto heat-generating incandescent lights.


Consider wisely when selecting a mulch for a deciduous tree. Large bark chips and medium-sized bark dust might look appealing, but are easily pulled up together with the leaves as you rake. Fine bark dust remains in place better than other mulches since it doesn’t get caught up in a rake’s tines as easily. When mulching beneath a tree, keep the mulch 6 inches away from the trunk to decrease decay. The mulch ought to be spread to cover the entire area under the tree canopy. Also, keep your mulch layer 3 to 4 inches deep; mulching deeper than this suffocates the dirt and reduces the quantity of oxygen available to the tree roots.

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Good Plants for Landscaping a Front Yard

If your backyard is the place where you relax, play develop vegetables, your front lawn is the window on the planet and represents your very best face to the world. “Curb appeal,” the phrase real estate professionals use to describe an attractive front lawn, applies to a welcoming landscape that always looks its best when seen from the street. Landscape your front lawn to provide year old curb appeal with easy-to-maintain, distinctive plants.


Shrubs must soften the corners of the house and form hedges to define the lawn. Evergreens and front doors flanked with arborvitae can mask bases, far as Victorian ladies covered their table legs, but voluminous shrubs finally engulf a house, obscuring the residents’ perspective of the planet. Mix compact evergreen native junipers (Juniperus spp.) Or camellias (Camellia sinensis or C. sasanqua) using dramatic deciduous blue hibiscus (Alyogyne huegelii) or late spring-blooming spice bushes (Calycanthus occidentalis). Define a edge with shade-tolerant, summer-blooming oakleaf hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia) or sun-loving, spring-blooming lilacs (Syringa spp.) Plant several different shrubs in groups of three to add variety to shrub borders.


Front lawns full of blossoms can make a lawn look cluttered and small, but borders can make it look well-tended. Add well-behaved shrubby perennials like lavender (Lavendula spp.) In circles to add variety and depth to a border established by shrubs. A border of shrub roses (Rosa spp.) , also called landscaping roses, completes the cottage impression of a colonial-style house when planted along a picket fence. Northern California native rose meadowsweet (Spirea splendens var. Splendens) is a drought-tolerant spirea that produces rosy blossoms over shiny green leaves throughout the summer.


Pick perennials that punctuate rather than just fill space. They have to “pop” to be able to add curb appeal. Whether planted in borders or across the front walk, plants must lead the eye toward the door. Select plants like hostas (Hostas spp.) and daylilies (Hemerocallis spp.) That create an architectural accent with dramatic foliage. Plant bulbs, such as daffodil (Narcissus spp.) and iris (Iris spp.) In a few big, odd-numbered clumps rather than spread out so they provide emphasis. Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) and purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) also rise in neat clumps and provide long-lasting blooms.

Ground Cover

Lawns take a beating in dry Mediterranean climates — so much so that artificial grass is easily accessible to homeowners who desire a perfect-looking lawn. Others plant grasses like creeping red fescue (Festuca rubra var. littoralis or F. rubra var. rubra), hard fescue (F. longifolia var. Brevipila) or chewings fescue (F. rubra ssp. Fallax commutate) — slow-growing, drought-tolerant varieties which are easy to keep looking neat. Low-growing plants like Roman chamomile (Anthemis nobilis) and creeping thyme (Thymus “Elfin”) create uneven lawns for front lawns with minimal foot traffic. Native options for ground cover include Point Reyes ceanothius (Ceanothius gloriosus var. gloriosus), Little Sur manzanita (Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Carmel Sur’) or pinemat manzanita (A. nevadensis).

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How to generate a Maze in your lawn

The history of garden mazes dates back to the Renaissance. European courts commissioned the building of complex mazes that continue to grace the grounds of several royal homes. If you have a large yard, you can make your own family garden maze to put in a signature landscaping feature to your own property.

Measure the dimensions of the room in your yard where you would like to produce the maze. It is possible to use a 100-foot or even 200-foot tape measure available from a house improvement store to carry measurements. The University of Vermont Extension recommends having a distance of at least 25 feet around to make a maze but a long rectangular narrow space at a yard may also be adequate.

Use graph paper to design and make a scale model of your maze. One square on the newspaper can equal 1 foot. The plan should include enough space for those paths and plants. A 5-foot broad path is broad enough to move through without feeling claustrophobic. Incorporate a entry and exit on your layout. Browse maze books or layouts on lawn websites for ideas for a layout. The World-Wide Labyrinth locator provides a searchable database of garden mazes across the world.

Decide what types of plants that you want to use for your own procrastinate. If you would like a maze based on formal garden layout, use species of boxwood (Buxus) or even privet (Ligustrum). Boxwood and privet provide dense vegetation, species of different heights and are great for shaping into all kinds of forms. You can also use corn planted in late spring or early summer to make a maze in time for fall celebrations like Halloween so your kids can have an enjoyable backyard action.

Use string to make an outline of your maze on your yard based on your own map. Use the tape measure to coincide with the measurements you created in your own graph paper as you lay out the string. Wrap the string around stakes every few feet and in the corners to maintain the outline taut.

Create a turf maze as an extra rule by mowing the grass at the route of your maze. The remaining grass together with the staked rope or string makes a visible outline to your maze.

Prepare the soil in the areas where plants will grow. Well-drained, fertile soil with organic matter like peat moss, processed manure or compost will suffice.

Follow conventional techniques for planting and growing corn, boxwood, privet or whatever plants you choose for the maze. Once you plant the corn or shrubs, remove the rope or string and stakes.

Place mulch around the plants to help them retain moisture. Mulch also helps maintain the plan of your maze.

Walk through the maze per week to search for wayward leaves and stalks. Trim leaves and stalks which are at the path.

Prune and thin the shrubs a few times per year to keep them tidy, to get rid of dead branches and also to help spur new development. Trim away the white flowers of privet till they start to seed.

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Garden Design Essentials: Unity and Variety

“A work devoid of a unifying element is liable to seem haphazard and disorderly. A work that is totally merged, without a variety, can seem boring. Both of these fundamentals are interlocked,” writes Marjorie Elliott Bevlin in Design Through Discovery, a college art theory book I’ve never tossed out, thanks to its timeless instruction. Collectively, unity and variety may turn an ordinary space into something extraordinary.

Unity represents the control of variety, and variety stipulates the interest within unity. The ideal result balances both. These two guiding principles may apply to so many facets of design, interior design and the landscape.

Here are some excellent examples of the subtle but highly effective balance of unity and variety, used in outdoor settings.

More garden design components: Line | Rhythm | Shape and Mass | Space | Texture | Color

Bosworth Hoedemaker


The inside wall of this beautiful garden area is hung, gallery-style, with vintage maps. None is equally (variety), but with comparable off-white matte planks and dark eyeglasses, the general composition has triumphed.

Similarly, there is continuity between the blond wood flooring and chairs, as well as the armchair’s white slipcover and the snowy parson’s tables.

Studio Marcelo Brito

Blue, white and nautical topics unite this alluring vignette onto a covered porch. The varietyis expressed by three-dimensional nonframed items, such as the paddles, the fish and other discoveries in the sea. Their existence makes the grouping of framed prints even more interesting.


A research in terra-cotta illustrates how harmony of substance can be a unifying device. This three-dimensional mural uses a varied assemblege of shapes and types (variety). Since each piece is made from the same type of clay, there’s a general feeling of unity.

Carson Poetzl, Inc..

Unity may also be established with color. Verdigris green in a variety of software holds things together within this patio of mainly natural and neutral surfaces. The two oversize stars echo the doorway trim, which in turn echoes the planted succulents on the tabletop and the potted cactus.

Elizabeth Dinkel

Subtle yet gratifying, this outdoor seating area incorporatesunifying particulars like color: The wrought iron and the upholstery piping are both black; the olive pillows reflect the bay-green iron scrollwork. There is enough variety between substances, colours, textures and patterns, however they speak a standard, harmonious language.

Bright Green

A implanted picture of succulents, made by Flora Grubb Gardens in San Francisco, is framed as fine art. The many types of succulents, in colors ranging from blue-green to dark green to lime green, exemplify both unity and variety. Textures also contribute to the design’s range — and the overall composition is glorious.

Elad Gonen


Variety of materials is perhaps the first thing you notice upon approaching this home. Though their color palette is comparable, there’s lots of comparison between the mortared rock privacy wall and the smooth exterior stucco. But notice how the feeling of unity is expressed via hot, neutral finishes and a relationship between the horizontal lines of the window grids and the horizontally cut stone blocks.

Arterra Landscape Architects

The thought of comparison is expressed within this alluring outdoor living area. The smooth bands of poured-in-place concrete contrast nicely with the surrounding pebble and gravel mulch and the trio of reflective orbs. There is unity in the palette: The chocolate-brown furniture reflects the similarly dark fence; the plants are largely green and grassy. The general mood here is serenity and harmony.

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Your Garden: High Style the Simple Way

Who realized that one of of the most easy landscape design moves may even be among the very refined? Not an execution to be relegated to fields and farms, massing is a layout tool which transcends lot dimensions and all designs.

Mass plantings create a stunning effect at any given scale, plus they possess the capacity to show any variety of layout designs or plant characteristics easily. Consider what it’s the fact that you’d like to emphasize in your backyard before you put. Would you like the coastal wind to be shown by means of your plant palette? Or maybe your are buying means to carry on minimalism and the geometry of the architecture of your house? By controlling and accommodating the manner in which you use massing in your lawn, it is possible to create an gorgeous landscape virtually immediately. In this instance, allow the plants do the job. Consider these fashions and outcomes:

Colours Of Green Landscape Architecture

Modern. If a contemporary landscape is that which you try for, feel of the plant materials as yet another feel, substance, or colour to integrate into your landscape. The swaths of green juxtaposed with all the partitions that are industrial finish an ideal backyard that is minimal.

Naturalistic. In this situation, the visual image of a subject is an ideal utilization of mass plantings. Look to the present encompassing landscapes for inspiration, and improve the effect to get a landscape that is naturalistic. The gold of the seashore grasses any customer for this Nantucket cottage.

Garrett Churchill Inc.

Proper. For a proper featured backyard, manicured parterres and hedges evoke impressions of English manors and French chateaus. Here’s an instance where preciseness and control order the putting routine. A garden which is anything but normal is revealed by exploitation of the type of the masses.

Randy Thueme Style Inc. – Landscape Architecture

Movement. The repeat of a solitary plant species, such as these grasses, is most readily useful appreciated on a blustery day. It might seem as in the event the person crops have united to form an individual component as they bend and sway together with the wind together.

debora carl landscape layout

Feel. Mass plantings enable the audience to actually value the feel of the plant. When you no more need to concentrate your consideration on comparing customs or colours of several plant kinds, you happen to be in a position to detect the mo-Re refined and fine characteristics, for example feel. This effect may be accomplished having multiples or one species with feels that were comparable. It is all about producing consistency and continuity.

Carolyn Chadwick

Colour. Mass plantings within a colour, utilizing one or numerous plant species, is a wonderful and surprising strategy to design. For this particular isle garden in Greece, it was the colours. Picture that great view of the huge blue of the ocean along with the huge pink ocean of culture garlic and seeing this website.

Leff Landscape Associates, Inc.

Geometry. A best complement for just about any proper or mini Mal backyard, geometry and sequence in nature may be shown by way of a massed landscape. Together with the focus from the leaves, texture, or contour of the plant, a unity is maintained by the exact bands of plants through deliberate stripes of uniformity.

Zeterre Landscape Architecture

Mass plantings to emphasize specimen plants. Normally you admire roses in a floral arrangement or as a specimen bush. Even though some may claim an entire bank put with all precisely the same species of rose contradicts the rare and distinctive qualities which can be connected using just one bush or stalk, I believe this flourish of roses increases the elegance and the splendor of the rose. In this scenario, also much of a matter that is good is a thing that is great.

Shades Of Green Landscape Architecture

Mass plantings to to raise crops that are frequent. Option to the mass of roses, massing can develop a stunning effect only through the absolute amount of plants used. By planting a complete lawn having just one species of grass that is frequent, the amount of the grass generates an appealing and impressive backdrop for the home.

The Backyard Consultants, Inc.

Single species. Staying With a species of plant requires all the guessing from laying out your backyard. An industry of grasses handles the complete property here, developing a mass that is wild and organic. An official system of trails carves through the landscape, but the solitary species proceeds to another from 1 side of the trail, unchanged.

Jeffrey Gordon Smith Landscape Architecture

Create masses of several species. you can even attempt massing multiple species during your lawn. The comparisons among them can show characteristics in each that might have gone on undetected had just one plant kind been used. The kinds playoff each other’s features in ways that are unexpected.

Giulietti Schouten Architects

Mass that is exceptional plantings. In The Event That you’ve got less space, or only need a brand new take on mass plantings, contemplate massing with container gardens. The total is higher than than its components, as it pertains to massing. Here you’ll be able to observe how equally can act concurrently. Stepping straight back to admire the complete space shows a strong mass of grass, although the personal crops may be separated by the planters.

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