How to Determine Water Flow in a Fountain Spillway

Spillways add drama to fountains and guide water flow, helping minimize sediment and waste of fountain surfaces. In order to remain fresh and clean, all of the water in little fountain pools must cycle through the fountain each hour — larger pools must recycle every two hours. Your pump, rated to lift a quantity of water to a particular height to the spillway, gives you a hint about how much water flows — or should flow — over the spillway. Measuring the actual leak requires a bucket, a timepiece and a bit of arithmetic.

Locate a bucket of known quantity — 5 gallons is a good size. Many buckets are a bit larger than their stated volume, so utilize a gallon jug to fill the bucket with exactly 5 gallons of water and mark the degree using a waterproof marker.

Place the bucket under the spillway’s lip so that it catches all of the water passing through the socket and start the stopwatch. Hold the bucket steady so no water splashes over a tipped border.

Catch the water until the water strikes the 5-gallon mark, then stop the stopwatch.

Divide 5 gallons by the number of moments it took to fill to the mark.

Multiply the number of gallons per minute by 60 to find the number of gallons of water that fall over the spillway per hour — the gallons per hour, or flow speed.

Repeat the measurement at least three times and divide the gallons per hour by the number of trials to get an average flow for the spillway.

Measure all the spillways in this manner and add the flow speeds to get the entire water flow to your fountain.

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11 Home Designs Flanked by Carports

A hallmark of International style, aside from the omnipresent white box, is your piloti, which raises the house up and away from the floor. All these stiltlike columns were used a long time by Le Corbusier in the 1920s and continue to be employed by architects to this day.

Certainly one reason to lift the house up off the property initially was to adapt the automobile. The car arrived en masse in the early 1900s and also had a substantial impact on how people lived. It stands to reason that it would also have had a substantial impact on how homes were built.

Two large issues with the car and house design are how to create a transition from car to house, and how to adapt the car as it just sits there doing nothing. 1 solution is to raise the house up and slip the vehicle below. Here see how some architects, starting with Corbu’s iconic Villa Savoye, have done just that.

Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye near Paris was Constructed in the late 1920s. The slim, pencillike pilotis lift the main structure above the landscape, giving the illusion that the house is floating above the field. Corbu’s fascination and love of ocean-liner design is here transposed into a static item anchored in place.

The ground-level outside walls of glass are curved to accommodate the turning radius of an automobile and visually vanish, increasing the illusion which the residence is floating above the landscape. And the distance between the glass wall along with the pilotis was designed to be just enough to accommodate a vehicle (probably a Peugeot). In fact, Corbu said that the house “was created with the auto in mind.”

FrontPorch

Another solution to accommodate the car is to take a corner or other chunk from this International-style white box. Cool, rational and Euclidean — but so pristine without the auto in the corner.

Raised up and left all the more inflexible with its white styled outline, the white box of the International style gives way to more organic materials. A parking area tucked beneath the house offers shelter for people getting in and out of their car, while not using any more property than is necessary. It is a reasonable solution for accommodating the vehicle on a small lot.

Coates Design Architects Seattle

The house form serves as a big gate which may be opened only by arriving in a car. And the cars sit securely in the middle, not off to one side. How American is that?

Paul McKean architecture llc

Materials and colors that blend with instead of contrast the landscape are used here. The result is an adaptation of the worldwide style that is less machined and much more romantic and natural.

Ian Moore Architects

Now that the house was raised and the car can slide underneath, why don’t you turn the vehicle into sculpture? This makes sense given exactly how much we spend in those machines and how fundamental they are to our lives. And for the most part (the Pontiac Aztec considers), they’re beautiful, sculptural forms that provoke speed and fluidity, a wonderful counterpoint to the static and rigid geometries of homes.

Universal Joint Design Associates

The house, like any fifth-wheel camper, is poised to be unshackled from its site, though definitely something a bit more substantial, state a Mack truck, is going to be needed in lieu of their sports car.

Baldridge Architects

Has the car slid down the ramp to prevent, or will there be a helix that wraps round to keep the upward movement the house implies? And what is more static, house or car?

Webber + Studio, Architects

A generously sized parking space provides the car room to glow and be that sculpture people adore. And all that excess distance allows us park it just so, making sure we catch just the ideal view of our cherished automobile as we gaze at it from indoors.

Can’t lift the entire house up? Then lift just the roof over the vehicle and support it on lean pilotis. Certainly there is no mistaking how one is supposed to go into and depart this home. It simply requires the car to be complete.

Belzberg Architects

“Let’s take the house out for a spin!”

Not only does this house get increased to accommodate the vehicle, but it will become a vehicle! Or a plane, or even a boat or any of the other things the owner decides to feature.

More:
Great Garages: Parking, Reconsidered

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