Ornamental Pear Tree Attributes

The ornamental pear tree (pyrus calleryana) and its cultivars possess characteristics which make them ideal as landscaping centerpieces. Having an abundance of showy flowers in warmer seasons and striking leaf color in the cooler ones, ornamental pears bring beauty year round. Besides their ornamental features, they are relatively simple to look after, in addition to utilitarian.

Form and Habit

Most kinds of ornamental pear trees have a rounded shape and erect habit, with a high or very low spreading canopy. But characteristics vary depending on the cultivar. Some, like the “Aristocrat” (Pyrus calleryana “Aristocrat”) and the “Redspire” (Pyrus calleryana “Redspire”), both found in USDA zones 5 to 8, have a conical shape, and the “Capital” culitivar (Pyrus calleryana “Capital”), that grows in USDA zones 4 through 8, is a columnar tree. The Chanticleer pear (Pyrus calleryana “Chanticleer”), also found in USDA zones 4 to 8, has a pyramidal shape with minimum spreading.

Foliage, Fruit and Bark

Ornamental pears are deciduous and have medium to dark green ovate leaves and furrowed dark brown to light green bark. The leaves of kinds produce striking fall color in shades which include red, purple and bronze. Showy white flowers, the signature feature of the ornamental pear tree, blossom in the spring or winter, except for the “Fauer” and “Redspire” varieties, which flower only in the spring. In the summertime, ornamental pear trees create small, pome-type fruit, no larger than half an inch in diameter.


Ornamental pear trees grow best under full sun. Two cultivars, “Redspire” and “Capital,” can take full sun or partial shade. All develop in a wide range of soil types and pH levels, and, though they favor moist soil, will tolerate hot and dry conditions. Among the ornamental varieties, the “Chanticleer” is more resistant to freeze. Ornamental pears are typically resistant to fire blight, oak root fungus and verticillium wilt but susceptible to sooty mold and white fly. In addition to these disorders, two varieties — the “Capital,” and “Fauer” — are also vulnerable to thrip.

Landscape Use and Size

In addition to the value as an ornamental, the flowering pear tree is useful as a display, providing your home and lawn using both privacy and moderate to dense shade. The ornamental pear and its cultivars, “Redspire” and “Aristocrat” would be the tallest of the flowering trees, reaching up to 50 feet high. “Fauer” is the smallest in a diminutive 20 feet tall. The “Capital” number is in between, reaching up to 35 feet in height.

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The way to Prune Shrubs After Motion Damage

When shrubs are broken by vandalism or ice, the degree of the damage isn’t immediately visible. It is ideal to wait until spring to deal with the shrubs that are affected. Attempting to prune right after the ice or ice leaves shrubs accessible to additional damage if another freeze occurs. You may also be removing live tissue that can still recover, or giving yourself extra work with to prune twice when the tree proceeds to die back after pruning.

Wait until spring to prune shrubs that caused ice damage. For spring-flowering shrubs, wait until after the flowers have completed.

Locate the damaged limbs and stick to the limb back until the harm is no longer visible. Cut a sliver of bark from the limb using a knife to find healthy tissue. Once you hit green tissue under the bark, you also have a pruning point. If the entire shrub is damaged, choose a few limbs and cut the entire tree straight back to a similar length as opposed to checking each individual branch or cane.

Make cuts with pruning shears only outside a grass or lateral branch inside the healthy tissue station. If the limb is larger than 3/4-inch in diameter, then us a pruning saw. If you’re cutting back the entire tree, hedge clippers may be used.

Water the pruned shrubs at least 1 inch each week during the summer months, even when you didn’t normally water them. If the soil dries out quickly, water more frequently. If the dirt is still soggy after a week, you may use less water.

Don’t include extra fertilizer. Wait until the fall to fertilize the shrubs, following their routine fertilization rates and schedule.

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What Is a Good Time to Kill Moss in your lawn?

Moss thrives in moist and shady places and on plants under pressure. It may look in lawns, on trees, shrubs and difficult surfaces and in greenhouses. A great time to cope with most moss infestations is when other plants wo not be impacted. You can get rid of moss through physical and chemical means, even though it might return if conditions suit its growth.


Fall is a great time to apply moss killer and drop lawn fertilizer to your lawn, and then later rake out all dark, lifeless moss vigorously. Piercing your lawn around using a garden fork to aerate the soil also helps eliminate moss at this moment. You can follow the therapy in spring on a dry day, applying spring yard fertilizer and moss killer. Grass is actively growing in spring, therefore rake out dead moss lightly.

Trees and Shrubs

Winter is the time to deal with moss on trees and shrubs, since this is when most plants are dormant. Removing moss by power or hand washing it off with plain water may harm buds and shoots, so you should avoid any time that the plant is actively growing. Eliminate plants or structures that throw shade, which causes the moss to proliferate. Now you can do this any time of year.

Hard Surfaces

Moss on paving, containers and other hard landscaping features sometimes looks appealing, adding a feeling of maturity and character to the house garden, however slippery paths and measures are dangerous to wander and moss makes lawn furniture look unsightly. You can remove moss on hard surfaces but it’s a good idea to eliminate it in autumn on garden paths before making them hazardous to walk through the wet winter months.


One area that moss loves is a backyard. A good time to rid your greenhouse of moss is in late winter to early spring, when the greenhouse is used. You can take advantage of this time to completely clean out algae and moss from all of its nooks and crannies. The moist, low light conditions of winter suit moss well, so you can help eradicate moss by keeping your greenhouse nicely hydrated throughout winter months.

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The best way to Root Honeysuckle Clippings

Honeysuckles belong to this genus Lonicera, which includes approximately 180 species of woody vines grown for their fragrant blossoms. Species such as Japanese honeysuckle (L. japonica) and coral honeysuckle (L. sempervirens) are widely grown within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 to 10, in which they are easily propagated from clippings, or stem cuttings. The clippings root quickly in summer and will be ready for transplant by the subsequent calendar year. But they will root best if treated with light rooting hormone and kept beneath always cold, humid conditions.

Create a rooting container prior to collecting the honeysuckle clippings. Fill a 4-inch square pot with a mixture of half perlite and half coir. Wet the mix and allow the excess water to drain off for about five minutes.

Collect a 3- to 5-inch-long clipping in the tip of a vigorous honeysuckle stem. Pick one with a pliant tip and semi-hardened bark in the base. Avoid stems with flowers or buds. Sever the stem 1/16 inch under a set of leaves using sharp pruning shears.

Eliminate the leaves along the bottom half of this honeysuckle cutting to reveal the growth nodes. Treat the severed finish and exposed nodes with 0.1 percent IBA rooting hormone. Apply the hormone with a cotton swab.

Produce a planting hole in the center of the moistened perlite mix. Make the hole just deep enough to hold the bottom half of this honeysuckle clipping. Insert the clipping from the hole and gently press the perlite mixture around it.

Set the pot within a large clear plastic bag. Close to the bag to hold moisture and heat around the honeysuckle. Cut a 1/2-inch hole in the plastic to allow a little bit of moisture to escape.

Set the pot outdoors in a sheltered area out of direct sunlight or indoors on a lightly shaded windowsill. Warm the pot to 75 degrees Fahrenheit by means of a greenhouse heating mat. Switch off the mat if daytime temperatures leading 80 degrees.

Remove the plastic bag and check the moisture level from the perlite mix every second day. Add water whenever it feels barely moist in the top inch or so. Mist the foliage with a spray bottle each time you water.

Check for roots in about one month by gently pulling the base of the honeysuckle feeling and stem if it’s stuck to the perlite mixture by roots. Transplant it to a 4-inch container filled with potting soil two weeks after it roots.

Grow the honeysuckle outside under partial shade for the remainder of summer, then transfer it to a cold frame for the winter. Transplant it to a permanent bed in the spring after soil temperatures warm to 65 degrees and all danger of frost has passed.

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The way to Prune a Downy Serviceberry Tree

Downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea), also referred to as Juneberry, thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 8. The plant gets its name for the fuzzy gray, downy-like covering on emerging leaves which falls as leaves mature. They boast white blooms in early spring, purple bird-attracting strawberries in late spring to early summer, and yellow, orange and red leaves in fall. Without regular pruning to maintain shape and size, downy serviceberry can grow up to 40 feet tall and 20 feet wide. Never prune while the plant is in blossom. You can prune in late winter before buds put or in summer after leaves mature, but autumn is best since the trees drop very small sap in this time of year.

Pick one trunk at planting, if needed, to train the plant into a single trunk tree. Choose the straightest, strongest, central-most trunk and cut the other stems back to the point of origin at the bottom of the plant. Skip this step in case you would rather enjoy the plant as a multi-stemmed tree or shrub.

Eliminate all suckers that grow from the bottom of the trunk if you would like to maintain a tree shape; eliminate the suckers as they develop during the year by simply plucking them away with your hands. Allow these decreased suckers to grow whether a shrub form is desired.

Step back in the downy serviceberry to observe its own shape. Cut the tips of any branches which are too long. Cut in a 45-degree angle with the cut side facing down. Cut the branches so they are balanced with the branches on the other side of the tree. Aim to your tree or shrub canopy to have a balanced, rounded contour throughout.

Cut any broken or dead branches back to the point of intersection having a healthy, powerful branch or around one-quarter inch over the nearest healthy bud or leaf node. Always cut to the outside of the branch collar, the layer of tissue at the bottom of the division, because cutting the collar leaves the plant open to rot.

Eliminate branches with weak or narrow crotches which are possible weak spots for the tree; a minimum of 60-degree angle with the flux division is excellent for encouraging a powerful structure.

Eliminate rubbing or crossing branches, in addition to any branches which grow inward. Always choose the strongest branch which has a broad crotch and grows out and out to complete the tree. Prune away branches which grow down or inward.

Remove suckers in the crotches of branches as they develop; those suckers do not grow into powerful branches, so removing them diverts the plant’s energy back to the major structural branches.

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The Best Time to Apply Foliar Fertilizer on Veggies

During the growing season, certain situations may come between your vegetable crops and the nutrients they want. Growth phases, weather conditions, soil pH and reduced soil nutrients can leave your vegetables lacking. When the plants’ root activity is restricted or soil nutrients are in short supply, foliar feedings go straight to needy stems and leaves. Whether boosting general cutting or growth shortages, foliar fertilizer shouldn’t be used to replace feeding crops through healthy soil, but it might help supplement whatever assist the plants need.

Seasonal Timing

Whatever inhibits vegetable crops’ root activity slows their nutrient absorption and opens the doorway for foliar help. Cold soil and overly wet land often cause temporary nutrient deficiencies, especially when they coincide with transplanting vegetables outside. Young vegetable crops need time to settle in, and inhospitable conditions lengthen root alteration. Foliar feeding provides nutrition until roots may draw it from the soil. Long-term deficiencies happen anytime soil pH or other conditions restrict nutrient availability. Foliar fertilizer offsets shortages and overcomes soil pH by bypassing or avoiding the problems.

Optimal Conditions

Time of day and weather conditions affect a foliar fertilizer’s safety and effectiveness. Plan applications around a rain-free forecast, cloudy skies and calm winds to protect wet, freshly sprayed vegetable foliage from rain, sunlight and wind exposure. Avoid spraying at midday, which is when temperatures reach their peak. Morning or late-afternoon spraying reduces the risk of foliage burn. Openings on vegetable leaves stay open at cooler temperatures and absorb nutrients more openly. Even when mixing or applying a organic foliar fertilizer, wear protective clothing, including safety goggles, and avoid the fertilizer contacting exposed skin. Wash thoroughly with soap and water after blending and with the fertilizer.

General Nutrition

Water-soluble fish emulsion is a safe and effective vegetable foliar fertilizer for transplant support or general nutrient boosts. Used as directed, the delicate, diluted solution provides vital plant nutrients and won’t burn stressed leaves. Deodorized products cut to the odor — and feline visitors. 1 fish emulsion foliar fertilizer involves combining 1 tablespoon of 2-4-0.5 fish emulsion fertilizer with 1 gallon of water at a garden sprayer to treat 250 square feet of vegetable garden each month. Spray vegetable stems and leaves with a fine mist of the mixture to the stage it runs off these plant parts. Apply any extra to the ground for vegetable plants’ roots.

Particular Nutrients

Nutrient-specific foliar fertilizers help prevent or treat deficiencies. Tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum, formerly Lycopersicon esculentum), which are tender perennials at U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11, succumb to blossom end rot due to calcium deficiency. A shortage of calcium in soil and an excessive amount of nitrogen are among variables that limit calcium uptake by plants, and heavy rains leach it from soil. Foliar fertilizer bypasses those difficulties and can keep tomato plants healthy. Mix 4 tablespoons of iron, 9.20-percent calcium concentrate fertilizer with 1 gallon of water, and spray tomato crops with the mixture until they drip. Use the mixture as a temporary supplement for those plants through their rapid growth phases and after heavy rains. An application can be repeated every five to seven days prior to the underlying terms ease.

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Fast Growing Flowering Cherry Trees

Flowering cherry trees, also known as ornamental cherry trees, paint your yard with showy blooms. These cherry trees aren’t grown for edible fruit. Instead , they bear no fruit or small, bird-attracting drupe. Flowering cherry trees generally to grow 24 inches each year, but some are believed to develop 36 inches each year. They grow best in moist, well-drained, acidic soil in a website featuring full to partial sun.

The Fastest

The quickest growing flowering cherry trees grow 3 feet each year. Yoshino flowering cherry (Prunus yedoensis), also known as Potomac cherry and Tokyo cherry, has a canopy in an oval, curved or umbrella shape which reaches 35 feet tall. Its fragrant pink blossoms blossom in winter or spring, along with its leaves turn bronze or gold in fall. Pink star flowering cherry (P. serrulata “Beni-Hoshi”) comes with an umbrella-shaped canopy which attains 25 feet tall. Its purple, purple blooms blossom in spring and its leaves turn red, orange, bronze or gold in fall. Both trees bear small, black drupe in summer or beginning of winter and develop in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 8.

Graceful Weeping Branches

Akebono flowering cherry (P. yedoensis “Akebono”) and weeping Higan cherry (P. subhirtella “Pendula”) possess graceful, weeping branches and keep pink blossoms in winter or spring. The canopy of this Akebono flowering cherry grows into a rounded, umbrella or vase shape and gets 25 feet tall at a rate of 2 feet each year. It’s fragrant flowers. Pink higan cherry (Prunus × subhirtella “Rosea”) comes with an oval, curved or umbrella shaped canopy and gets 25 feet tall at a the slow rate of 2 feet each year. Both trees bear small, black drupe in summer or winter and have leaves that turn gold or bronze in fall.

Loamy to Sandy Soil

Mount Fuji Japanese flowering cherry, also known a Mount Fuji cherry (P. “Shirotae”) and Shirofugen flowering cherry, also known as Japanese flowering cherry, thrive in loamy to sandy dirt and have fragrant blooms. Both trees grow 24 inches per year to receive 25 feet tall and yield small, black drupe in winter, summer or fall. Mount Fuji provides purple, purple or white flowers bloom in spring or winter. Shirofugen bears aromatic white or pink blossoms in summer or spring.

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 9

Slightly warmer climates of USDA hardiness zone 9 can nevertheless relish flowering cherry trees, including, the Kwansan Japanese flowering cherry (P. serrulata “Kwanzan”). This tree typically grows 2 feet each year and gets 25 feet tall, but the height of a single in California is 43 feet. It’s an oval, curved or umbrella-shaped canopy, and has fragrant, pink or rose flowers in spring which become small black drupe a season or two later.

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The way to Identify Shrews, Moles & Voles

Whether a modest mouse-like creature startled you from scurrying through your yard or you discovered evidence of tunneling, learning to identify moles, shrews and voles is actually the first step in addressing these troublesome critters. Of the seven North American species of moles — insectivores linked to bats and shrews — four are located west of the Rockies. Thirty species of shrews — surviving on insects such as butterflies, wasps and crickets — reside around the nation. The strictist of schizophrenia, voles are found in just about any portion of the United States. With sleuthing and some careful observation, you can learn to inform these three apart.

Inspect your yard and garden for signs of infestation from the following three animals. Although you aren’t likely to see moles, they depart tell-tale volcano-shaped mounds 2 to 24 inches tall at the entrance to their burrows, and tunnel tracks under your yard and garden. Shrews typically reside in tunnels dug by moles as well as other mammals — you will need different methods to recognize them. Voles are best identified from the small trails they produce leading from 1 burrow entry to another.

Familiarize yourself with ordinary sizes. Moles are the biggest of the group, averaging 7 inches from tip to the end of a 1-inch hairless tail. Shrews are some of the smallest mammals in the world: mouse-sized and averaging just under 4 inches, excluding a 1-inch tail. Voles are usually over 4 inches long, with longer 1 1/2-inch, furry tails.

Look closely at fur coloring. Moles have thick, velvety fur ranging from gray to black. Shrew coat is short, soft and grayish. Voles are covered with coarse, short fur that is black-brown into gray-brown.

Study the general appearance of moles, shrews and voles when you visit them. Known for prominent front feet used for biting, moles have also elongated, hairless snouts. Their eyes and ears are both hidden by attractiveness. Shrews have also long, pointed snouts, but their eyes and ears are both visible. Voles’ rounded snouts are almost dull, and their bodies are chunky. Their eyes and ears are both exposed.

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Landscaping With Camelias

Landscaping with camellias (Camellia spp.) Adds year-round color to your outside space. All these broadleaf evergreen shrubs develop an average of 6 to 12 feet tall and are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 9. According to the United States National Arboretum, the most common species of camellia include Japanese or common camellia (Camellia japonica), which flowers in late winter and early spring along with sasanqua camellia (Camellia sasanqua), that blooms in fall. Camellias can be used as a landscape specimen, shrub border or privacy screen. Picking the proper planting spot is the key to successfully applying these low-maintenance shrubs in your landscape design.

Match With Other Sensors

Camellias grow best in well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.5. Plant camellias close other acid-loving plants, such as “Jean Marie De Montague” rhododendron (Rhododendron x “Jean Marie de Montague” (H-3)), that will be hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9. Another option is “Happy Days” azalea (Azalea indica “Happy Days”), hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11. Space other plants at least five feet away from other plants to allow enough space for plants that are older to have great air circulation while also preventing the plant from needing to compete too far for water while getting established.

A Organic Privacy Screen

Plant rows of camellias as a hedge or to form a natural, colorful privacy display. Tall camellia cultivars that function like a hedge include “Yuletide” or “Spring’s Promise” Ice Angels camellia. “Yuletide” is hardy in USDA zones 7 through 10 and grows 8 to 10 feet tall, with a similar spread. “Spring’s Promise” rises in USDA zones 6 through 10, reaching heights and widths of 6 to 8 feet. American Camellia Society recommends planting camellias three feet apart when using them as hedges.

Produce Profuse, Multiseason Color

Produce a profusion of colour on your outside space. Camellias can be applied as a backdrop for shorter shrubs and perennials that bloom after camellias have finished thriving because the plants’ glossy, green foliage provides an appealing backdrop to the planting bed. Alternatives include putting other vibrant perennials in a similar shade and using a similar blossom time since the camellia to make a mass of color in the backyard. You could also plant camellias in planting beds, along with other shrubs and perennials with varying bloom times, to make a multiseason display.

Container Gardening

Grow camellias in containers to fill empty corners, then add attention to small outdoor spaces or to put on either side of an entryway. Smaller cultivars include “Fairy Blush,” which grows 4 to 5 feet tall and features dark pink flower buds that unfurl to reveal delicate pink flowers. “Marge Miler” is smaller, growing only 1 foot tall. It flowers in fall with delicate pink flowers. Repot container-grown plants every two or three years. Avoid having garden soil in containers since it can be too heavy. American Camellia Society recommends a potting mix for camellias and fertilizing the plants during the growing season using a camellia-specific fluid or using a mixture of 1 part iron and 4 components cottonseed meal.

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The Best Pest-Resistant Fruit Trees

Fruit trees provide delicious produce and attractive leaves, but if they endure from assaulting insects, it can be a lot of work for home gardeners to control the infestation. To decrease the chances of pest invasions, it is possible to purchase and develop pest-resistant trees. Some of the best fruit trees that could withstand pests in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 to 10 include well-known varieties.

Sour Cherries

Gardeners prize cherry trees because of their beautiful flowers, pretty leaves and bark which turn colors in the autumn. Sour cherries are best to use for baked goods and preserves. Common insects of cherry trees include aphids, scale, borers, caterpillars and several types of worms. Sour cherry trees are more resistant to infection than sweet cherries. Montmorency cherries would be the most popular sour cherries grown in the country, according to the Colorado State University Cooperative Extension. These reliable fruit producers have also a high resistance to infection. The “Northstar Dwarf” sour cherry also resists common cherry ailments.


Gardeners have an abundances of apple tree types to choose from. Apple tree enemies incorporate many insects, such as types of maggots and moths, scale and aphids. University scientists have developed apples, including the “Gold Rush” variety, that resist many common apple insects. Other vigorous, hardy and productive apple varieties, according to “The New Sunset Western Garden Book,” include “Haralson,” “Lodi,” “Mutsu,” “Newtown Pippin” and “Yellow Transparent.”


Persimmons are ideal fruit trees for home gardens. The East Asian natives resist most insects. The insects that do attack persimmons, such as mealybugs and scale, rarely cause serious issues. Persimmon trees are easy to take care of and tolerate less-than-ideal soil, drought-like conditions and wet feet during the winter, and do not require cross-pollination. They grow up to 30 feet tall and produce leaves which turn colors.

Quince and Che

Seedless che fruit resists pests and diseases well. Native to East Asia, the fruit tree needs little care, is drought tolerant and can endure poor soil conditions. It grows to about 25 feet tall and produces round clusters of red and dark red hot fruit which tastes like watermelon. Quince is a slow-growing deciduous pest-resistant fruit tree. It can grow over 20 feet tall. It has a shrubby look with twisted branches and distinctive leaves. They are dark green on top and whitish underneath and turn yellow throughout the autumn. Following the tree produces pink flowers, edible golden roundish aromatic fruit looks. Quince fruit is good for jams and baked goods when combined with other fruit.

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